The ancient history of black pepper is often interlinked with and confused with that of , the dried fruit of closely related.
Retrieved 2 May 2022.
Retrieved 12 November 2005.
Black pepper or perhaps long pepper was believed to cure several illnesses, such as , , oral , , and , among others.
Retrieved 22 January 2015.
Spice mills such as pepper mills were found in European kitchens as early as the 14th century, but the used earlier for crushing pepper have remained a popular method for centuries, as well.